European Business Schools Librarian's Group

Department of Economics Working Papers,
Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Economics

Who Creates Jobs? Econometric Modeling and Evidence for Austrian Firm Level Data

Peter Huber (), Harald Oberhofer () and Michael Pfaffermayr ()
Additional contact information
Peter Huber: Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO)
Harald Oberhofer: Department of Economics, Vienna University of Economics and Business; Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO)
Michael Pfaffermayr: University of Innsbruck; Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO)

Abstract: This paper offers an empirical analysis of net job creation patterns at the firm level for the Austrian economy between 1993 and 2013 focusing on the impact of firm size and age. We propose a new estimation strategy based on a two-part model. This allows to identify the structural parameters of interest and to decompose behavioral differences between exiting and surviving firms. Our findings suggest that conditional on survival, young Austrian firms experience the largest net job creation rates. Differences in firm size are not able to explain variation in net job creation rates among the group of continuing enterprises. Job destruction induced by market exit, however, is largest among the young and small firms with this effect being even more pronounced during the times of the Great Recession. In order to formulate sensible policy recommendations, a separate treatment of continuing versus exiting firms as proposed by the new two-part model estimation approach seems crucial.

Keywords: Net job creation, firm size, firm age, one-part versus two-part models, Austrian economy, Great Recession

JEL-codes: C18; C53; D22; E24; L25; L26; M13 September 2015

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