European Business Schools Librarian's Group

Les Cahiers de Recherche,
HEC Paris

No 1095: Institutions and the Direction of Innovative Search: Change and Persistence Between and Within Countries

Denisa Mindruta , Joao Pimentel and Glenn Hoetker
Additional contact information
Denisa Mindruta: HEC Paris, Postal: HEC Paris, 1 rue de la libération
Joao Pimentel: HEC Paris, Postal: HEC Paris, 1 rue de la libération
Glenn Hoetker: ASU, Postal: Arizona State University, 1151 S Forest Ave, Tempe, AZ 85281, United States

Abstract: This paper examines the impact of the macro-institutional environment on exploitative-explorative innovation. Building on organizational learning, institutional economics, and innovation studies, we identify country-level institutions that might foster or hinder firms’ incentives and ability to explore or exploit. We test our conjectures by analyzing all patented firm innovations in 22 countries over the 1985-2008 timeframe. Empirical tests demonstrate the role of national institutions in explaining cross-country differences in the level of exploitative and exploratory innovation. The results also suggest that firms’ incentives to explore are influenced by changes in the institutions that regulate the ecology of competition in an economy.

Keywords: Exploration versus exploitation; Innovation and R&D; Patents; Institutional environment; Panel data

39 pages, October 21, 2015

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